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Exploring the Role and Opportunities for Open Government Data and New Technologies in MHCC and MSME: The Case of the Philippines

TitleExploring the Role and Opportunities for Open Government Data and New Technologies in MHCC and MSME: The Case of the Philippines
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOna, Sherwin E., Hecita Ian Jayson, and Ulit Estefanie D.
Date Published09/2014
InstitutionDe La Salle University
CityManilla, Philippines
Abstract

Since 2010, the Philippines has adopted a development philosophy that is anchored on addressing the basic needs of its people through governance reform. Known as “Daang Matuwid” (The Straight Path in Filipino), this philosophy equates good governance to good economics. Coming from a heap of corruption-related controversies, this philosophy was generally welcomed by the majority of Filipinos. The “Daang Matuwid” theme allowed the Philippine government to embark on numerous reform initiatives. Most notable of which are national programs that are geared towards transparency and accountability of local government units (e.g. The Seal of Good Housekeeping), participatory budgeting in national offices, and its efforts to reorganize national revenue agencies. Another milestone is the participation of the Philippines in the Open Government Partnership (OGP) in 2011. As one of its founding members, the government has identified 19 projects as part of its commitment to the OGP. And by January 2014, the Open Data Philippines was launched by President Benigno S. Aquino III during the Good Governance summit held in Manila.  Open Data Philippines is an emerging movement that aims to create an environment that can foster transparency, participation and collaboration through open data. Aside from the government, it envisions the active participation of the private sector, civil society and the academe. In addition to governance reform, the Philippines is also addressing a litany of socioeconomic challenges. Foremost of which is its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets of reducing poverty and ensuring inclusive growth through increased business competitiveness. 

In this case study, we explored the potentials of open data in two priority development areas, namely Maternal Health and Childcare (MHCC) and Micro-Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (MSME). In both areas, transactional-service related  practices were examined.  For MHCC, our case examined community health service practices. While for MSME, our study focused on cooperatives and how these cooperatives promote competitiveness and productivity of their MSEM members. In both cases, we looked at opportunities for which open data techniques can be used to support these practices.

Using a case approach that included 3 provinces, our study examined how work activities in these development areas were done.  Moreover, our study also looked at the type of data sets, its current use, and how ICT can be used by local stakeholders.